The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. The taxonomy of the hoolock gibbon has recently been significantly revised. This 688.88 ha forest beat of Rangamati South Forest Division consists of 617.81 ha natural vegetation of Bursera serrata, Ficus sp., Syzygium grandis, Terminalia belerica, Garuga pinnata, Phyllanthus emblica; 71.47 ha mixed plantation of Shorea robusta, Hopea odorata etc. An ideal gibbon habitat in Abongo village. This website was made possible through generous support from: You must log in to access advanced IUCN Red List functionality. Improve conservation awareness for local communities; Stabilise and develop livelihood buffer zone communities; Harmonise the benefits of conservation and livelihood development, ensuring that the use of wild living resources is sustainable; Encourage the participation of local communities and stakeholders in the management of protected areas; To become a showcase model of species conservation at international level; Promote internal resources for gibbons conservation and development, and other biodiversity values; Protect, expand and improve the quality of habitat and create corridors connecting areas of high biodiversity; Build wildlife rescue centers, research and store rare genetic resources, improve management and law enforcement capacity, create links of  expertise with  ex situ centers (zoo). Beschrijving. However, their population is on a steep decline and the species is listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List. ii The Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbons in Myanmar Suggested citation: Geissmann, T., Grindley, M. E., Ngwe Lwin, Saw Soe Aung, Thet Naing Aung, Saw Blaw Htoo, and Momberg, F. (2013). The Eastern Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is one of two species of Hoolock Gibbon. Hoolock gibbons are about 32 inches tall, have no tail, and, depending on the sex, weigh an average of 13 pounds (female) or 15 pounds (male), … However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China … This genus was argued to contain two distinct species which were previously … Fecal specimens were tested for Photo: Professor Fan Peng-Fei of Sun Yat-Sen University, China. The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … World Dugong Day 2020 | UPSC. Mannetjes wegen gemiddeld 6,9 kg, vrouwtjes 6,1 kg. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae.It is one of three species of hoolock gibbon.This species is found in extreme eastern corner of Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar east of the Chindwin River, such as the Mahamyaing Wildlife Sanctuary, and in south west Yunnan of China. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate. and monoculture of Tectona grandis. Geographically, the natural range pf Hoolock gibbons extends east to the Salween River and west to the Brahmaputra River. Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in Meghalaya To safeguard and conserve a key element of Asia’s unique natural heritage: the singing gibbons and their habitats, by promoting participatory conservation policies, legislations, and actions. Apr 29, 2020 - The only tribe of apes inhabiting the country is the Hoolock Gibbons, found in the North-east forests. The name "Hoolock" is an onomatopoeia derived from the sound made when this species sings. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area (s): China, India, Southeast Asia. All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. Global ... For UPSC IUCN status is important. Of all gibbon species, their range extends the farthest north and east (Wolfheim, 1983). 1; IUCN., 2014).The elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia and has always been an important part of culture and religions here (Mukul et al., 2012, FAO., 2002, Olivier, 1978). Hoolock gibbons threatened with extinction in two manipur districts.Western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years . WESTERN HOOLOCK GIBBON Hoolock hoolock The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. © International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Of the two, the western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist, while the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable, and both species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. Photo: Udayan Borthakur Most primate species like the hoolock gibbon are only found within the confines of the forest, the capped langurs, however, are found both inside the forest and on the fringes. . We found 40–43 groups, with a mean group size of 3.9, and five solitary individuals. The area has hoolock, Rhesus macaque, Pig-tailed macaque, Capped langur and Ph… The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species). According the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Western Hoolock Gibbon is listed as Endangered, as there is reason to believe the species has declined by at least 50% over the past three generations. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. Traditionally, the hoolock has been considered being a member of the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus (e.g. Geissmann, 1995; Rowe, 1996; Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986). The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … The IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Section on Small Apes and the International Collaboration to Conserve Gibbons and Siamang have joined forces with The Hainan Institute of National Parks and Eco Foundation Global to establish the Global Gibbon Network Initiative. Strengthen coordination among gibbon conservation projects worldwide including zoos; Increase awareness of scientifically-sound practice in gibbon conservation; Provide IUCN-endorsed guidelines to conservationists, field scientists and decision makers; Develop Conservation Action Plans that clarify priorities in gibbon conservation for practitioners, decision makers and donors; Ensure that The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. PDF | On Nov 20, 2017, Alexander Nater and others published Morphometric, Behavioral, and Genomic Evidence for a New Orangutan Species | Find, read and cite all … Tinsukia: From 37 in 2004 to 21 in 2020, Hoolock Gibbons, known as tail-less monkeys, which were once abounded in an Assam village, are now dwindling in number, causing worry among environmentalists and nature lovers.. On Tuesday, a 20-year old female Gibbon was the latest one to die in Barekuri - a cluster of village where hoolock gibbon has indeed coexisted peacefully with human … It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Male . Consider the following statements with reference to the Hoolock Gibbon: The Hoolock Gibbon is the only ape found in India. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. A new gibbon species was discovered in … IUCN Status: The western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List and the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable , With long and slender arms, hoolock gibbons are swift creatures, barely needing to step on the ground. The western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist. Het is verder een typische gibbon, dus een tengere aap zonder staart (een mensaap) met lange armen. Hoolock Gibbon. The first modern records on the species in Myanmar were collected in 1983, during assessments for new protected areas in the country. (rhesus macaque, pig-tailed macaque, Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, golden langur, slow loris) were collected and sent to our collaborators at the CDC's Polio & Picornavirus Branch. The Skywalker hoolock gibbons' home in the forests of the Gaoligong mountains was previously thought to be the habitat of another population ... (IUCN) to list the Skywalker gibbon as endangered. This species has 38 chromosomes and sing a duet. Two species of Hoolock Gibbon are found inhabiting the Indian forests. (Wolfheim, 1983) This species is Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. In general, hoolock gibbon habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters. Mating occurs during the summer rainy season with births during the winter, usually between September and January (McCann 1933; Alfred 1992; Tilson 1979; Choudhury 1990; Alfred 1992; Ahsan 2001). The total population is estimated to stand at more than 10,000 individuals, with a 2013 survey putting the number perhaps as high as 50,000. We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, The Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is one of the last strongholds of the western hoolock gibbon, which the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) lists as an endangered species on its Red List. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, While the IUCN categories these gibbons, found in Mishmi Hills and some parts of Sadiya in Assam, as the eastern hoolock gibbon, renowned conservationist Anwaruddin Choudhury identified them as a sub-species of the western hoolock gibbon in 2013. Involve communities in conservation efforts. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. It is the second largest Gibbon in the world. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. The hoolock gibbons are three primate species of genus Hoolock in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae, native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar and Southwest China. The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. For example, in Assam, India, the annual temperature usually ranges between 7°C (44.6°F) and 32°C (89.6°F) (Choudhury 2000). Rationalise and restore the existing protected area network and improve protected area management; Develop a framework for wildlife conservation focusing on the gibbon as a flagship species outside protected areas and promote ecologically responsible development; Initiate meta-population management for stray and isolated populations; Promote a knowledge-based approach to conservation and an adaptive framework for wildlife management; Reduce existing anthropogenic pressures, including the illegal trade in wildlife, on natural resources. Provide direct technical support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon conservation. (Image: © Zoological Society of London) In a galaxy not so far way, there's a new Skywalker in town. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) inhabits pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and southern China and north-east Myanmar; this specie is listed as ‘vulnerable’ in the IUCN list. Species threat status is taken from the IUCN Red List of endangered species, available at www.iucnredlist.org At the time of the … The species is found in Assam, Mizoram & Meghalaya in India, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. Hoolock Gibbon and Biodiversity Survey, Karen State 4 Saw Blaw Htoo & Grindley (2010) ii. The eastern hoolock gibbon: It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and southern China and north-east Myanmar. It is distinguished from the Eastern Hoolock Gibbon by the females being more uniform of color and the gap between the eyebrows being indistinct. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. Measuring Recovery with the IUCN Green Status of Species. This species is found particularly east of the Chindwin River in Myanmar and in southwest Yunnan (China). Our District. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. Hoolock hoolock (Harlan 1834) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from ITIS Global in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Eastern Hoolock Gibbons IUCN list : Vulnerable Wild # Native to Myanmar, NE India, Southern Yunnan China . An adult female Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock tianxing). For gibbon conservation to be effective, we need to achieve the following Goals: Photo: From top left, clockwise: IUCN SSC, IUCN SSC, Ingdong Nature Conservation, Eco Foundation Global, EJDRONE, DAJI Nature, HINP, ©2020 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). IUCN 2020. Conservation of Western Hoolock Gibbon, PHVA Report, 2005 5 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock hoolock) was assessed as Critically Endangered in Bangladesh and Endangered in India based on IUCN Red List Criteria, Regional Guidelines (IUCN 2003). Abstract The report details the results of a gibbon status assessment made on Khe Shor Ter Mountain, Karen State, Myanmar in April 2010 by a team of researchers from the … PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018 Hoolock gibbons and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Hoolock gibbons primate species of genus Hoolock Endangered — IUCN CITES Appendix I schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh Habitat Primarily forest dweller inhabits tropical evergreen rainforests, tropical evergreen and semi … We conducted a survey of the distribution and population status of the eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys in non-protected fragmented forest areas of the Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, India, during September 2010–June 2011. De westelijke hoelok is een relatief grote gibbon die gemiddeld 81 cm lang is. Hoolock gibbons are typically monogamous, living in mating pairs with offspring (Siddiqi 1986; Choudhury 1991; Gupta et al. This forest beat of Kaptai Range is mostly bisected by the flow of Karnafuli River into Rampahar and Sitapahar blocks. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Of the two, the Western Hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN RedList, while the Eastern Hoolock is listed as Endangered. The Hoolock gibbons’ original entire habitat covered about 100,000 square miles (160,000 sq km) and shrunk to 35,000 square miles (56,000 sq km) in 1987. The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. This species is found in extreme eastern corner of Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar east of the Chindwin River, such as the Mahamyaing Wildlife Sanctuary, and in south west Yunnan of China. Version 2020-3. Indian records of the species likely to actually represent the Western Hoolock The species has experienced a drastic population decline in the last 30 to […] North eastern forest of India are home of various endangered species including only species of ape, Western Hoolock gibbon. The Hoolock gibbon is a rare primate and the only species of ape in the Indian sub-continent. Female. All schools are in session. Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate.